NJ Urologic Oncologists
Prostate cancer is a form of cancer that begins in the glands of the prostate. It is the abnormal growth of cells in a man’s prostate that form a tumor. Scientists aren’t certain what the cause of prostate cancer is, but age, race, genetics, and even diet may be factors. Prostate cancer is common in men over the age of 65, but very treatable when caught in the early stages.
Symptoms of Prostate Cancer
Symptoms may not be present in the very early stages of prostate cancer. Symptoms may include frequent urination, weak or interrupted urine stream, painful or bloody urine, blood present in semen, weight loss, and fatigue, nausea, swelling of lower extremities, weakness or paralysis in lower limbs.
If you have any of these symptoms, a doctor can detect the cancer through a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test. Dependent on the results of that test, your doctor will perform a prostate biopsy if needed.
Prostate Cancer Treatment
Many treatment options are available and they differ depending on what stage of cancer you are in. Robotic surgery is a minimally invasive option for removing the tumor. Other options include radiation therapy, ultrasound, and cryosurgery.
Kidney cancer, also referred to as renal cell carcinoma, occurs when cells grow rapidly in either one or both kidneys. This cancer affects your body’s ability to filter the blood to create urine. It is treatable if caught in the early stages, but will otherwise spread to other parts of your body creating a much more serious problem.
Symptoms of Kidney Cancer
Some symptoms of kidney cancer are blood in urine, lower back pain where kidneys are located, abdominal pain and swelling, blurred vision, weight loss, blood present in urine, and swelling of veins around the testicles. Smoking, chemical exposure, and prolonged pain medication use are common predispositions to the development of kidney cancer.
Bladder cancer occurs in the portion of your urinary tract that is responsible for holding urine until you are ready to empty it, known as the bladder. It usually occurs in older ages, but smoking or exposure to dangerous chemicals may increase your risk. Most cases of bladder cancer are diagnosed early and easy to treat, but if left alone the cancer will spread to other areas of the body.
Symptoms of Bladder Cancer
Symptoms of bladder cancer are normally present in the early stages. A typical symptom is the presence of blood in the urine. Frequent or painful urination, and pain in back or pelvis may also be present.
Bladder Cancer Treatment
Treatment options include Transurethral Resection (TUR), Radical or Partial Cystectomy and urinary diversion
Testicular cancer is the cancer of a male’s testicles, located in the scrotum underneath the penis. The testicles are responsible for creating the male hormone testosterone and sperm. Testicular cancer can affect men of any age, but is most common in young men. While it is generally rare, it is still the most common type of cancer amongst young men.
Testicular cancer is usually easily detectable. Symptoms of testicular cancer include a lump in the scrotum that can be felt during a self-exam, a feeling of heaviness in the scrotum, and a dull pain in the groin and lower abdomen. To conclude if you have testicular cancer, your doctor will perform a Testicular Cancer Screening.
Many men choose to have the affected testicle surgically removed. The removal has no effect on sexual performance, semen production, or ability to have children. Other options include chemotherapy, and/or radiation therapy.
It is normal to be worried when diagnosed with a urological cancer. Your doctor at Somerset Urological Associates will help you decide what the best treatment option is for you and help you make a quick recovery.
Somerville, NJ Oncology - Urology
Appointments can be made by calling 908-927-0300. Somerset Urological Associates is located at 72 West End Avenue Somerville, NJ 08876.