NJ Prostate Cancer Screening
Screening for Prostate Cancer
Prostate Cancer typically produces little to no symptoms; therefore a screening is done through a Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) test. The PSA test measures the level of PSA in the blood, a protein produced by the prostate gland. The higher the level of PSA, the higher the chance the patient has prostate cancer.
There are some discrepancies in the medical community over whether PSA tests should be performed regularly, but it is best to discuss options with your doctor. Usually your doctor will recommend the tests if prostate cancer runs in your family, and/or you are over the age of 50.
Sometimes the PSA test will over-diagnose, and treatment will usually be called for. Over-diagnosis means the test may detect cancer from tumors that would not produce symptoms in a lifetime; therefore one would be fine without treatment. Some doctors believe it is more harmful to the body to have the treatment rather than just wait it out and see if the cancer develops into anything.
The American Urological Association recommends that men under the age of 40 and those ages 40-54 that are not of average risk should not have the screening. Men 55-69 should discuss the option of a PSA test, and then have it done every two years. Men ages 70 and older should also not have the PSA test done.
Appointments for prostate cancer screening can be made by calling 908-927-0300. Somerset Urological Associates is located at 72 West End Avenue Somerville, NJ 08876.