Kidney Stones

Kidney stones are hard deposits that gather in the kidneys. They are formed through salts and minerals in the urine that stick together because of a change in the minerals, salts, and water in your urine. They range from the size of a pebble to the size of a golf ball, and can cause extreme pain as they pass through the urinary tract system.

Symptoms of Kidney Stones

Symptoms are not present until the stone moves from the kidney to the bladder. Nausea, vomiting, pink or red colored urine, persistent urge to urinate, and pain that comes in waves may be symptoms of kidney stones. It is important to call your doctor as soon as possible if you have these symptoms so they can assess if you need immediate medical attention.

Types of Kidney Stones

There are different types of kidney stones. The most common are calcium stones composed of calcium oxalate, a naturally occurring substance found in food. Struvite stones are another type, which form quickly and largely in response to an infection in the urinary tract. Uric Acid stones form in people who don’t drink enough fluids or eat a diet too high in protein. Lastly there are Cystine stones, which form in those with a disease that causes their kidneys to release too much of an amino acid. This type is passed down hereditarily.  

Kidney Stone Treatment

Your doctor will perform a Kidney Stone Analysis to determine what chemicals are in the stones. Depending on the severity of the stones, treatments vary. Some people are able to take a pain reliever and drink lots of water until the stone passes through the urethra. In more severe cases with larger stones, surgery to remove the stone becomes necessary. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is another option, which breaks up the stone into smaller pieces that are easier to pass. Your doctor at Somerset Urological Associates will help you decide on the best treatment option depending on the severity of your kidney stone.

Kidney Stone Treatment

Kidney stone appointments can be made by calling 908-927-0300.  Somerset Urological Associates is located at 72 West End Avenue Somerville, NJ 08876.

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